September 26, 2022

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What is a Full Stack Developer? Critical Skills

What is a Full Stack Developer? Critical Skills

What is a Full Stack Developer? Critical Skills

What is a Full Stack Developer?

A full-stack developer is an engineer who works on both the client and server sides of a software application. So, this type of developer works with a whole stack of software applications. Front-end development, backend development, databases, servers, APIs, version control systems. Therefore, that’s why it was named “Full Stack” Developer. Hence, Full-stack developers transform user requirements across the architecture and implement new systems. So, FullStack developers don’t necessarily have mastered all the technologies. However, experts are expected to work both on the client and server sides to understand what is happening when developing an application. As a result, they must have a genuine interest in all software technologies. If you want a company to hire full stack developer to be you, keep reading!

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Why Do You Need a Full-Stack Developer?

The main reasons to hire a full-stack development expert are:

  • Full-stack developers help keep all parts of the system running smoothly.
  • Full-stack developers can help everyone on the team and significantly reduce team communication time and technical costs. 
  • Save on company staff, infrastructure, and operating costs by assigning multiple roles to a single person.

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Full Stack Developer Skills You Must Know

Below is the Full Stack developer skill set:

1) Front-end technology

Full-stack developers need to learn essential front-end technologies such as HTML5, CSS3, and JavaScript. So, knowledge of third-party libraries is vital. These include jQuery, LESS, Angular, ReactJS are desirable.

2) Development Languages

Full-stack engineers should be proficient in at least one server-side programming language such as Java, Python, Ruby, or .Net.

3) Database and cache

Knowledge of numerous DBMS eras is every other crucial want of a complete stack developer. MySQL, MongoDB, Oracle, SQLServer are broadly used for this purpose. The expertise of caching mechanisms like varnish, Memcached, Redis is a bonus.

4) Basic design ability

Design skills are also recommended for success as a full-stack web developer. In addition, you need to know the basic prototype design and UI / UX design principles.

5) Server

Exposure to dealing with Apache or Nginx servers is desirable. A worthy background in Linux helps immensely in managing servers.

6) Version control system (VCS)

This allows full-stack developers to track all changes made to their codebase. Knowing Git is how full-stack developers get the latest code, update parts of their code, and make changes without breaking other developers’ code.

7) Working with API (REST & SOAP):

Knowledge of web services or APIs is also necessary for full-stack developers. Knowledge of creating and using REST and SOAP services is desirable.

Other Pieces of the Puzzle:

  • Ability to create high-quality unit tests
  • They need to have a complete understanding of the automated process for testing, documenting, and deploying them on a large scale.
  • It is essential to be aware of security concerns, as every layer has its weaknesses.
  • Knowledge of algorithms and data structures is essential for professional full-stack developers.

What is a Java Full Stack Developer?

They are developers with expertise and in-depth knowledge of the frameworks and tools used in Java full-stack development, such as core Java, Servlets, APIs, databases, and web architectures. Full-stack Java developers can build entire Java applications, including front-ends, backends, databases, APIs, servers, and version control.

What is a Software Stack? Which Stack Should I Learn?

It is a collection of programs used together to achieve a particular result. So, it contains the operating system and its applications. For example, the smartphone software stack has phone apps, web browsers, default applications, and an operating system. The above list of skills for a full-stack engineer can be daunting. You need to master the software stack based on your career goals, projects, and company needs. Below is a list of popular software stacks. Regardless of the stack you choose, there are similarities in the architecture and design patterns of the different stacks.

What Does a Full Stack Developer Do?

Full-stack developers may be involved in the following activities:

  • Transform user requirements into an overall architecture and new system implementation 
  • Project management and customer coordination
  • Write backend code. Ruby, Python, Java, PHP languages.
  • HTML and JavaScript writing of optimised front-end code
  • Understand, create, and debug database-related queries
  • Write test code to validate your application against customer requirements.
  • Monitor web application and infrastructure performance
  • Troubleshoot web applications with fast and accurate solutions

A company can also hire dedicated development team for a cost-effective work approach.